Mediterranean succulents - Part 1

  Version franaise

Part  1: Adromischus (4 picture); Cotyledon (12 pictures), Cremneria (2 picture), Cremnophila, Cremnosedum (3 pictures), Graptopetalum (7 pictures), Graptosedum (6 pictures), Euphorbia (5 pictures), Haworthia (3 pictures), Senecio (9 pictures), Umbilicus (1 pcture)


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Adromischus cooperi:

The Adromischus cooperi is a small succulent with fat and purple spotted leaves. Very decorative.

Adromischus cooperi care:

Adromischus cooperi exposure: full sun or part sun; Adromischus cooperi hardiness: -4C (25F); moderate watering; Adromischus cooperi propagation: by stem cutting or leaf cutting.

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Adromischus cooperi
Adromischus cristatus var. cristatus

Adromischus cristatus var. cristatus is a small succulent with fleshy leaves. This plants creates a small 15 cm hight bush.

Adromischus cristatus var. cristatus care:

Full sun exposure; moderate watering; frost hardiness: -4C (25F); propagation by leaf cuttings.
Adromischus cristatus
Adromischus cristatus var. cristatus flower
Adromischus cristatus
Adromischus filicaulis ssp marlothii:

Adromischus filicaulis ssp marlothii is a smaill trailing succulent. It creates some roots on the stem when it is growing. This plant is perfect in cactus garden.

Adromischus filicaulis ssp marlothii care:

Full sun exposure, frost hardiness: -4C (25F); moderate watering for plants in containers; propagation by leaf or stem cuttings
Adromischus filicaulis ssp marlothii
Adromischus filicaulis ssp marlothii purple flower
Adromischus filicaulis ssp marlothii
Cotyledon elisae:

The Cotyledon elisae is a small succulent of 20 cm. The leaves are green and fat. They are red margined. The stem looks like wood. It is 5 mm in diameter.

Cotyledon elisae care:

Full or part sun exposure; Cotyledon elisae hardiness: -4C (25F); moderate watering; Cotyledon elisae propagation by stem cuttings.

Cotyledon elisae
Cotyledon orbiculata 'Octopus':

The Cotyledon orbiculata 'Octopus' is so named because of the shape of its leaves that recall an octopus. In container, its growth is fast, but it needs a regular watering. Leaves pale green, red at the end.

Cotyledon 'Octopus' care

Exposure: full sun or part sun. Cotyledon 'Octopus' cold hardiness: -4C (25 F). Possible pests: aphids at flowering. Moderate watering in spring, summer, autumn. Cotyledon 'Octopus' propagation: by stem cuttings.

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Cotyledon orbiculata Octopus
 Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga:

The Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga accepts full sun and has its place in rock gardens. It loses its leaves as and when it grows, which allows it to "marry" with lower succulents. Leaves to the curb regular and red are covered with a gray-white bloom. Beautiful red - orange flowers.

Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga care:

Sunlight exposure. Cotyledon orbiculata cold hardiness: -4 C. Moderate watering in autumn, spring and summer. Possible pest: cochineal. Cotyledon orbiculata propagation: by stem cuttings.

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cotyledon orbiculata var oblonga
Orange flowers of Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga:
cotyledon orbiculata red flower
Cotyledon orbiculata  'Macrantha':

the Cotyledon orbiculata 'Macrantha' is a fast growing grass plant. Quickly form a shrub 1 meter high and can act as a ground cover if it is in the ground . The Cotyledon orbiculata'Macrantha' blooms in early winter. The leaves are green with a red edge.

Cotyledon orbiculata 'Macrantha' care:

Exposure: full sun. Cotyledon orbiculata 'Macrantha' cold hardiness: -4 C (25 F). Moderate watering in spring, summer, autumn. Possible pest: aphid. Cotyledon 'Macrantha' propagation: by stem cuttings.

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Cotyledon orbiculata Macrantha
Orange and green bell-shaped flowers of the Cotyledon orbiculata 'Macrantha'.
Orange flower of the Cotyledon Macrantha
 Cotyledon orbiculata 'Mucronata'  ('Undulata' is now an invalid name):

The Cotyledon orbiculata 'Mucronata' is 60 cm high and agrees like the "big" cotyledons majority, full sun. This type of plant is adapted to the Mediterranean coast and requires no specific care. Its leaves are thick and frilled at the end.

Cotyledon orbiculata 'Mucronata' care:

Sunlight exposure. Cotyledon 'Undulata' cold hardiness: -8 C with shelter. Moderate watering in autumn, spring and summer. Pest: cochineal. Cotyledon 'Mucronata' propagation: by stem cuttings.

cotyledon 'Mucronata'
Cotyledon orbiculata 'Rose':

The Cotyledon orbiculata 'Rose' is adapted, like the other Cotyledons to the Mediterranean coast. The leaves of this succulents are thick. The border of the leaves is pink to purple and frilled.

Cotyledon orbiculata 'Rose' care:

Cotyledon 'Rose' exposure: full sun or part sun; Cotyledon 'Rose' hardiness: -4C without protection or -8C (18F. Moderate watering in autumn, spring and summer. Possible pest: cochineal; Cotyledon 'Rose' propagation: by stem cuttings.

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Cotyledon 'Rose'
Cotyledon orbiculata 'Rose' red flower
Cotyledon orbiculata Rose
Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga 'Takbok':

The Cotyledon 'Takbok' is a succulent easy to grow near the mediterranean countries. This succulent grows up in the gardens of Nice or Menton without problem. It can reach 40 cm.

Cotyledon 'Takbok' care:

Exposure: full sun or part sun; Cotyledon 'Takbok' hardiness: -4C (25F); Possible pests of the Cotyledon 'Takbok': aphids and cochineal. Cotyledon 'Takbok' propagation: by stem cuttings.

Cotyledon Takbok

xCremneria:  hybrid genus between Cremnophila and Echeveria:

xCremneria 'Ariadne':

The Cremneria 'Ariadne' is a 15 cm in diameter succulent. The leaves are fat (like a Pachyphytum). They are brown - grey, with sometimes, red veined. The stem is short. The Cremneria 'Ariadne' creates a lot of offsets.

Cremneria 'Ariadne' care:

Full or part sun exposure, frost hardiness: -2C (28F). Moderate watering.

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Cremneria Ariadne
xCremneria 'Seerose':

The Cremneria 'Seerose' is a 15 cm in diameter succulent. It creates a lot of offsets. The leaves are short, slim and green. Growing this plant is very easy!

Cremneria 'Seerose' care:

Full sun or part sun exposure; moderate watering, Cremneria 'Seerose' hardiness: -4C (25F). Propagation by stem cuttings.

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Cremneria Seerose


Cremnophila is a small genus including two species native from Mexico: linguifolia and nutans

Cremnophila nutans:

Cremnophila nutans is a succulent with fleshy and rigid leaves.

Cremnophila nutans care:

Full sun or part sun exposure; moderate watering; Cremnophila nutans hardiness: -2C (28F), but it seems to be lower.

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Cremnophila nutans


xCremnosedum: hybrid succulent with Cremnophilia and Sedum:

xCremnosedum 'First Foundling':

Chance hybrid with Sedum Sandra Mottram x Cremnophila linguifolia. Succulent with green and fat leaves.

Cremnosedum 'First Foundling' care:

Exposure of the cremnosedum 'First Foundling': full sun or part sun. Cremnosedum 'First Foundling' hardiness: -4C (25F). Moderate watering. Pest: none. Cremnosedum 'First Foundling' propagation: by stem cuttings or leaf cuttings.

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Cremnosedum First Foundling
Cremnosedum 'First Foundling' yellow flower
Cremnosedum First Foundling
Cremnosedum 'Penn Ar Ru':

Cremnosedum Penn Ar Ru' is a plant which forms a little bush. The stem creates a lot of offsets which are standing up when they are juvenile. The golden leaves (in summer) become brown and dark green in winter.

Cremnosedum 'Penn Ar Ru' care:

Full sun or part sun exposure, moderate watering; Cremnosedum 'Penn Ar Ru' hardiness: -4C (25F) without protection. Propagation by leaf or stem cuttings.

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cremnosedum Penn ar ru
Cremnosedum 'Penn Ar Ru' pink and white flowers. The pink bract is 30 cm hight.
Cremnosedum Penn Ar Ru
Graptopetalum is a genus of hardy succulents native from Mexico. The curved back stamins are the signature of the Graptopetalum and their hybrids (xGraptosedum, xGraptoveria, etc...)
Graptopetalum 'Claret'

The graptopetalum 'Claret' is a succulent which can reach 7 cm in diameter. The sun gives to the plant a pink colour. The leaves falls easily from the stem at the first shock. The graptopetalum 'Claret' is a hardy succulent, like the other Graptopetalum of this Genus.

Graptopetalum 'Claret 'care:

Graptopetalum 'Claret' exposure: full sun; Graptopetalum 'Claret' hardiness: -6C (21F); moderate watering, Graptopetalum 'Claret' propagation: by leaf cuttings or stem cuttings.

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Graptopetalum Claret
Graptopetalum 'Crepusculo':

Graptopetalum 'Crepusculo' is a hardy plant. Its parentage is Graptopetalum paragayense x Graptopetalum Sp.This succulent can grow outside, in container or full ground.

Graptopetalum 'Crepusculo' care:

Full sun, part sun; moderate watering; frost hardiness: -6C (21F); propagation by leaf cuttings.

Graptopetalum Crepusculo
Graptopetalum 'Mirinae':

The graptopetalum 'Mirinae' is a small succulent which reachs 3 cm in diameter. This plant can be used like a ground cover. Hardy succulent.

Graptopetalum 'Mirinae' care:

Graptopetalum 'Mirinae' exposure: full sun; part sun; Graptopetalum 'Mirinae' hardiness: -8C (18F); moderate watering; Graptopetalum 'Mirinae' propagation: by stem cuttings or leaf cuttings.

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Graptopetalum mirinae
Graptopetalum paraguayense ssp paraguayense :

The Graptopetalum paraguayense is a very hardy succulent. Outdoor, it can grow without watering. The flowering of Graptopetalum paraguayense happens at the end of winter. The grey and fat leaves fall from the stem at the first shock.

Graptopetalum paraguayense care:

Graptopetalum paraguayense exposure: full sun, part sun and shadow (anywhere). Graptopetalum paraguayense cold hardiness: -8 C (18 F). Pest: Aphids at flowering. Graptopetalum paraguayense propagation: by stem cutting or leaf cuttings.

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Graptopetalum paraguayense

Graptopetalum paraguayense white flowers and red spotted.

N.B: the stamens are recurved when the flower is open. This is the signing of the genus Graptopetalum (or an other genus + Graptopetalum).

Graptopetalum paraguyense white flower

Graptopetalum superbum:

The graptopetalum superbum is a succulent with glabrous and purple leaves. This succulent can reach  20 cm in diameter. The Graptopetalum superbum doesn't grow very fast. Hardy plant.

Graptopetalum superbum care:

Graptopetalum superbum exposure: full sun or part sun; Graptopetalum superbum hardiness: -6C (21F), moderate watering; Graptopetalum superbum propagation: by stem cuttings (be patient!).

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Graptopetalum superbum

Graptopetalum superbum flower:

Graptopetalum superbum flowers

Graptopetalum 'Victor Kane'

The Graptopetalum 'Victor Kane' grows rapidly in any season. Very well in a Mediterranean rocky. Very hardy succulent. Flowering in early spring. This succulent looks like the Graptopetalum paraguyense but the leaves are purple (even if the succulent is part sun). Outdoor,  it can grow without watering.

Graptopetalum 'Victor Kane' care:

Exposure: full sun, part sun and shadow. Graptopetalum 'Victor Kane' hardiness: -8 C (18 F). Pest: Aphids at flowering; Graptopetalum 'Victor Kane' propagation: by leaf or stem cuttings.

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Graptopetalum Victor Kane
 xGraptosedum 'Bronze':

The Graptosedum 'Bronze' is a small and hardy succulent (8 cm). The Graptosedum 'Bronze' forms stems looking to take root. Its leaves, color bronze, are short, very fragile and can fall very easily if they are touched. They can tend to green with shade exposure.

xGraptosedum 'Bronze' care:

Graptosedum 'Bronze' exposure: full sun or part sun. Graptosedum 'Bronze' hardiness: -8 C(18 F) . Outdoor, it can grow without watering. Graptosedum 'Bronze' propagation: by stem cuttings or leaf cuttings

Graptosedum 'Bronze'
xGraptosedum 'Francesco Baldi':

The Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' is a very hardy succulent! The leaves of this succulent are flat and glabrous, they are 5cm maxi. The Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' reachs 15 cm in diameter.

xGraptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' cares:

Exposure: full sun, part sun and shadow. Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' cold hardiness: -8 C (18 F). Pest: Aphids at flowering; moderate watering; Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' propagation: by stem cuttings.

 

a hardy succulent: graptosedum Francesco Baldi

Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' yellow flowers:

Graptosedum Francesco Baldi flowers

xGraptosedum 'Merlin':

The parentage of Graptosedum 'Merlin' is Graptopetalum paraguyense + Sedum allantoides 'Goldii'. So, this is a really hardy succulent.

Graptosedum 'Merlin' care:

Full sun, part sun, part shade exposure; unecessary watering if the succulent is outdoor; frost hardiness: -6C (21F); propagation by leaf cuttings or stem cuttings

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Graptosedum Merlin
xGraptosedum 'Ninou':

Exclusive! Chance seedling in the PlantegrasseFrontignan 's cactus garden! It's a very hardy succulent. The parentage is probably Graptopetalum paraguyense x Sedum palmeri. The leaves are green and glabrous. The rosette of this succulent is 12 cm in diameter maxi.

xGraptosedum 'Ninou' care:

Graptosedum 'Ninou' exposure: full sun, part sun and shadow. Graptosedum 'Ninou' Cold hardiness: -8 C (18 F). Graptosedum 'Ninou' propagation: by stem cuttings or leaf cuttings

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Graptosedum Ninou

Graptosedum 'Ninou' in a desert landscaping, 6 months later.
The succulent have some brown colours of winter.

Graptosedum 'Ninou' at the end of winter
xGraptosedum Sp (PGF2):

This Graptosedum Sp is a small but very hardy succulent. The short and fleshy leaves are 3 cm long. The rosette is very dense.

Graptosedum Sp (PGF2) care:

Full sun, part sun, part shade exposure, moderate watering, frost hardiness:-6C (21F) without protestion, propagation by leaf cuttings

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Graptosedum
Euphorbia characias ssp. characias:

Euphorbia characias ssp. characias lives in scrubland in the wild. Quickly becomes a large proper grounding. Flowering black. Blue leaves. Do not fear the parasites, but hosts and attracts many pests during flowering. Very hardy but the latex of this plant is TOXIC.

Euphorbia characias ssp. characias cares:

Sunlight exposure. Euphorbia characias cold hardiness: -8C (18F) and more. No watering in ground. Euphorbia characias propagation: by seed.

Euphorbia Characias: a very hardy plant!

Euphorbia ingens:

Euphorbia ingens of two meters tall. It looks like a candelabra cactus, but it isn't a cactus. Be carefull, the latex of this plant is toxic! The Euphorbia ingens can become very large and tall in hot country (not in container).

Euphorbia ingens cares:

Euphorbia ingens exposure: full sun. Euphorbia characias cold hardiness: -2C (28F). Very moderate watering. Euphorbia characias propagation: by cuttings.


Euphorbia ingens

Euphorbia ingens 'Variegata':

The Euphorbia ingens 'Variegata' is a cultivated form of Euphorbia ingens. The color of the succulent is green and white (sometimes cream). The young spines are red. Very decorative.

Euphorbia ingens 'Variegata' care:

Full sun exposure; Euphorbia ingens 'Variegata' hardiness: -2C (28F)Moderate watering. Euphorbia ingens 'Variegata' propagation by stem cuttings
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Euphorbia ingens Variegata
Euphorbia mammillaris:

Euphorbia mammillaris is a small treelike plant which reach 20 cm tall. The spines and the body are pale green. A rusty colour can appear on the plant because of the age or the location of the plant.

Euphorbia mammillaris care:

Sunlight exposure. Cold hardiness: -4 C (25F). No watering in ground
Euphorbia mammillaris
Euphorbia mammillaris 'Variegata':

Euphorbia mammillaris 'Variegata' is a small plant which reach 20 cm tall. The spines are green and purple.

Euphorbia mammillaris 'Variegata' cares:

Sunlight exposure. Cold hardiness: -8C (18 F) protected. No watering in ground.

Euphorbia mammillaris 'Variegata': purple spines!

Euphorbia pseudocactus:

Euphorbia pseudocactus is a decorative South African succulent which looks like a cactus. It stem is green with pale stripes. It can reach more than 150 cm. It becomes a candelabra plant when it is old and tall.

Euphorbia pseudocactus care:

Full sun exposure, moderate watering during spring, summer and autumn, frost hardiness: -2C (28F), propagation by branch cuttings.

Euphorbia pseudocactus
Euphorbia pseudocactus yellow green flower
Euphorbia pseudocactus
Haworthia cooperi:

The Haworthia cooperi is a small succulent which reachs 8 cm in diameter. The leaves are green and translucent. Decorative.

Haworthia cooperi cares:

Haworthia cooperi exposure: part sun in summer, full sun in winter, spring and autumn. Haworthia cooperi cold hardiness: -4 C (25 F). Moderate watering. Haworthia cooperi propagation: by offsets.

 

Haworthia cooperi

Haworthia cymbiformis

Here is one of the several forms of Haworthia cymbiformis. This one can be found in the Easter Cape province in South Africa country.

Haworthia cymbiformis cares:

Haworthia cymbiformis exposure: part sun in summer, full sun in winter, spring and autumn. Haworthia cymbiformis cold hardiness: -4 C (25 F). Moderate watering. Haworthia cymbiformis propagation: by offset.
Haworthia cymbiformis (Eastern cape - South Africa)
Haworthia limifolia:

The Haworthia limifolia is a very decorative small plant. The leaves of this succulent can have a colour changing from dark green to dark green. It creates, at spring, a flower on top of a very thin shaft of a foot. The Haworthia Limifolia creates a lot of offsets.

Haworthia limifolia cares:

Exposure: full sun. Cold hardiness: -4 C (25 F). Can do without watering (not in container)  or moderate watering. Haworthia limifolia propagation: by offsets.

haworthia limifolia

Senecio
Senecio angulatus:

The Senecio angulatus is a wide succulent because it climbs everywhere! This Succulent produces yellow flower in december or january. in yellow. Its leaves are thick and soft to the touch. Do not plant near sensitive plants. This succulent can live in an apartment (potted, of course).

Senecio angulatus care:

Senecio angulatus exposure: full sun or part sun. Senecio angulatus hardiness: -4 C (25 F). Yellow flowers in winter. No watering in the ground. Senecio angulatus propagation: by stem cuttings or layering.

Senecio angulatus
Senecio crassissimus:

Succulent with flat and blue leaves. The stem and the border of the leaves are purple. The Senecio crassissimus doesn't like full and hot sun. Yellow flowering in winter.

Senecio crassissimus care:

Senecio crassissimus exposure: part sun. Senecio crassissimus hardiness: -2 C (28 F). Moderate watering.

Senecio crassissimus
Senecio crassissimus yellow flower
Senecio crassissimus
Senecio jacobsenii:

The Senecio jacobsenii is a trailing succulent. It forms a long stem, on which grow the leaves. These leaves will create, later, a next stem. The leaves are small but fat and rigid. It is also know like: "Weeping jade", "Trailing jade", "Vining jade"

Senecio jacobsenii care:

Full sun exposure: Senecio jacobsenii hardiness: -6C (21F); moderate watering. Senecio jacobsenii propagation: by stem cuttings.

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Senecio jacobsenii
Senecio jacobsenii oange flower
Senecio jacobsenii
Senecio kleiniiformis:

The Senecio kleiniiformis is a medium succulent. It can reach 50 cm hight. The blue leaves look like a heart (or like an arrow).

Senecio kleiniiformis care:

Full sun or part sun exposure, Senecio keiniformis hardiness: -6C (21F), moderate watering; propagation by stem cuttings

Senecio kleiniiformis
Senecio keiniiformis yellow flower
Senecio kleiniiformis
Senecio rowleyanus ("string of pearls" succulent):

The Senecio rowleyanus has pendant stem of 40 cm tall, with unusual bright green and round leaves. The stem seem to be a string of pearl or peas. This easy growing succulent is a good plant for hanging baskets. The flowers are perfumed!

Senecio rowleyanus care:

Senecio rowleyanus exposure: full sun or part sun; Senecio rowleyanus hardiness: -2C (28F), moderate watering. Think to cut the too long stems. possible pest: aphids when flowering. Senecio rowleyanus propagation: stem cuttings.

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Senecio rowleyanus
Senecio rowleyanus flower: A beautiful and perfumed flower!
Senecio rowleyanus flower
 Senecio serpens:

The Senecio serpens can grow in mid shade (but needs sun!) and reaches about a foot high. The flowering of Senecio serpens (white flowers on top of a thin rod) happens during the summer months.

Senecio serpens care:

Senecio serpens exposure: part sun or full sun. Senecio serpens hardiness: -6C (21F) and lower. Unnecessary watering in the ground. No pest. Senecio serpens propagation: by stem cuttings or offsets.

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Senecio serpens
Senecio serpens white flower
Senecio serpens white flower
Umbilicus: genus of succulents of the Crassulaceae family. These plants are growing in the south of Europe, and around the mediterranean sea.
Umbilicus rupestris ("Venus Navel"):

Umbilicus rupestris is a hardy and no perenial succulent plant growing in the South of Europe. Its green circular leaves are fleshy and rigid. The form which looks like a navel had given its nickname. This plant belongs to the Crassulaceae family. Umbilicus rupestris dies after flowering (in summer) and grows again at the end of september.

Umbilicus rupestris care:

full sun, part sun, part shade or shade, moderate watering (no watering in a rocky landscape); frost hardiness: -12C (10F) trusted; propagation by seeds. The plant is seeding by itself.

Umbilicus rupestris

Mediterranean landscape garden

My botanical garden in Frontignan (Fr). Some of the succulents!